César

- Selected Works
- Biography

César Baldaccini (1921 – 1998) was born in Marseille from Italian parents. From 1935 to 1939 he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Marseille and later at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. César settled permanently in the capital in 1943 and moved above the studio of Alberto Giacometti, where he met Pablo Picasso, Jean Cocteau and Jean Paul Sartre. In 1952 he began producing sculptures by welding together iron scrap, initially known for its massive sculptures representing insects, animals and nudes. His first major solo exhibition was held in Paris, at the Salon de Mai, in 1955, where he obtained such a success that the artist was invited to participate in the Venice Biennale in 1957. In 1960 he creates the first “compression”, obtained by compressing precisely scrap car to make compact bundles. Later the same year, Cesar joins the New Realists group which includes artists such as Arman, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, Jean Tinguely and Pierre Restany. In 1965 he started working with plastic, first with plastic molds of human footprints and from 1966 onwards pouring polyurethane foam, which allows time to expand and solidify. Already in 1966 César renunced to welded metal sculpture. From 1967 to 1970 he organized a series of events in which produces expansion in the presence of the public. The latest works include cast glass sculptures. In 1982 some retrospectives of his works are organized by the Musée d’Art Moderne in Liege, Niçois by Espace d’Art et de Culture in Nice, from the Foundation and dall’Ottara Seibu Museum in Japan. In 1995 he participated in the Venice Biennale. César died in Paris December 6, 1998.

- Exhibitions
  • 2019

    César, dialogues de la matière. Dessins de la collection Jean Ferrero - Musée Saint-Martin, Saint-Martin

  • 2018

    César: Marseillais - Galerie Alexis Pentcheff, Calvi

  • 2017

    César, La rétrospective, Galerie 1 – Centre Pompidou, Paris

  • 2016

    César in Context - Luxembourg & Dayan, New York, NY

  • 2015

    César, les inédits – collection Jean Ferrero, Villa Domergue, Canne
    César, une histoire méditerranéenne - Musée Mohammed VI d’art moderne et contemporain, Rabat

  • 2014

    César - Galerie Luxembourg & Dayan, New York, NY
    César à Marseille - Musée Cantini, Marseille

  • 2013

    César - Luxembourg & Dayan, New York, NY
    César, L’empreinte - Eléphant Paname, Paris
    César à Marseille - Musée Cantini, Marseille

  • 2008

    César, Anthologie par Jean Nouvel - Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris

  • 1999

    César - Museo Histórico Nacional, Montevideo
    César - Museu Brasileiro de Escultura "Marilisa Rathsam", São Paolo

  • 1998

    César – la Suite Milanaise - Fondazione Mudima, Milano
    César - Palazzo Reale, Milano
    César - Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City
    César - Malmö Konsthall, Malmö
    Portraits – Autoportraits César - Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris

  • 1997

    César - Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris

  • 1986

    Les Championnes de César - Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Jouy-en-Josas, Paris

  • 1985

    César 1955-1985 - Musée d'Art Contemporain, Dunkerque

  • 1984

    Les fers de César - Fondation Cartier, Jouy en Josas, Paris

  • 1981

    César. Rétrospective - Musée d’art moderne, Liège
    César. Rétrospective - Galerie Sonia Zannettacci, Genève
    Espace Niçois d’Art et de Culture, Nice

  • 1978

    César. Rétrospective - Musée Picasso, Antibes
    Portraits de Compressions - Nice et Tokyo

  • 1976

    Rétrospective des sculptures, exposition itinérante : Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Musée Rath, Genève; Musée de Grenoble ; Museum Boymans, Rotterdam; Musée d’art moderne de la ville de Paris

  • 1973

    Tête à Têtes - Galerie Creuzevault, Paris
    Rétrospective César - Centre culturel de Romainville, Romainville

  • 1972

    César 7 - Musée Cantini, Marseille
    César. Motos - Galerie Mathias Fels, Paris
    César. Compressions acryliques - Galerie Lucien Durand, Paris

  • 1971

    César. Fers 1950-1960 - Galerie Creuzevault, Paris
    César. Plastiques - Fondation Sonja Henie, Oslo
    Kunsthalle, Hambourg
    Maison de la culture, Rennes

  • 1970

    César, Plastiques - Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Paris

  • 1969

    César, compressions - Galerie Mathias Fels, Paris
    César chez Daum - Musée des Arts décoratifs, Paris

  • 1968

    César - Musée Cantini, Marseille

  • 1967

    Grande Expansion Orange - Salon de mai, Paris

  • 1966

    Rétrospective - Musée Cantini, Marseille
    César (Baldaccini) - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
    Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg

  • 1961

    César. Sculpture 1953-1961 - Saidenberg Gallery, New York, NY

  • 1960

    Cesar. Recent Sculpture - Hanover Gallery, London

  • 1959

    César - Galeria Claude Bernard, Paris

  • 1955

    Salon de mai, Paris

  • 1954

    Animaux en ferraille - Lucien Durand, Paris

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