James Turrell

- Selected Works
- Biography

James Turrell (Los Angeles, May 6, 1943) is an American artist, whose works focus mainly on the perception of light and space.

Turrell grew up in Pasadena, with his father Archibald Milton Turrell, an aeronautical engineer who gave him the rudiments on the mechanics of engines and flight, and his mother, Margaret Hodges (doctor). In 1961 he obtained his diploma at the Pasadena High School, and in 1965 the Bachelor of Arts degree in “Psichology and Mathematics” at Pomona College in Claremont. Here he met some of the teachers who exerted a great influence on him, including Graham Bell, the psychology professor Paul Vitz and the professor of astronomy Robert Chambers.

After college, he enrolled at the ‘University of California at Irvine, where he studied for two semesters making acquaintance with some of the minimalist artists of California including Tony Delap, John McCraken and David Gray. In 1966 he rented a hotel resigned (Mendota) to carry inside a studio and a place to exhibit his works. Here he exhibited the first Cross Corner projections: perforated metal plates the size of a slide, which are projected at specific angles of the adjacent walls, giving the observer the impression of the presence of a solid light. Among the best known of these projections was the Afrum (later renamed Afrum proto-). In 1967 the Pasadena Art Museum opened his first exhibition.

His experiments with light went on in later years, and Turrell devoted himself particularly to the mode of human perception in controlled environments, or in conditions of altered perception, along with colleague Robert Irwin and the perception of the psychologist Edward Wortz.

In 1974, with funding of Count Panza di Biumo, he created the first designs for what would remain his most famous work: the Roden Crater project. Turrell wanted to transform the Roden Crater, an extinct volcanic cone located in Flagstaff, Arizona, in what he called a “monument to perception.” The low humidity and the climate of the place provided the ideal conditions for the experiments devoted to light. The construction of this gigantic work of art is still in progress and is currently entered in step 3. Turell lives half the year in New York and the other half in Flagstaff in order to follow the completion of the work.

(Translated from: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Turrell)

- Exhibitions
  • 2016

    James Turrell - From the Guggenheim, Aten Reign - Häusler Contemporary - Zurich, Zurich
    James Turrell - 67 68 69 - Pace Gallery, New York City, NY
    James Turrell - Pace Gallery - Palo Alto, Palo Alto, CA
    Setouchi Triennale 2016 - Setouchi Triennale, Takamatsu
    La Promenade, une balade dans le dépôt long du Cnap - Musée Régional D'Art Contemporain Languedoc-Roussillon, Sérignan

  • 2015

    Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Los Angeles, California “James Turrell” November 8, 2015 to January 16, 2016
    Houghton Hall Norfolk UK, LightScape: James Turrell at Houghton, June 7, 2015 to October 24, 2015
    Häusler Contemporary Zürich, James Turrell, “From the Guggenheim, Aten Reign”, May 13, 2015 to August 15, 2015

  • 2014

    Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel “James Turrell: A Retrospective,” June 1, 2014 to January 3, 2015
    National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, "James Turrell: A Retrospective," December 2014 to April 2015

  • 2013

    The Pace Gallery, New York, New York, “James Turrell,” March 15 to April 20, 2013
    Academy Art Museum, Easton, Maryland, "James Turrell Perspectives,” April 20 to July 7, 2013
    Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, “James Turrell: A Retrospective,” May 23, 2013 to April 6, 2014
    Kayne Griffin Corcoran Gallery, Santa Monica, California, “James Turrell,” May 23 to July 20, 2013
    Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France, "James Turrell," June 1 to July 27, 2013
    Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, “James Turrell: The Light Inside,” June 9 to September 22, 2013
    The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York, “James Turrell,” June 21 to September 25, 2013
    ReMap 4, Athens, Greece, “James Turrell: Knowing Light,” September 19 to September 30, 2013
    Spencer Museum of Art, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, “ James Turrell: Gard Blue,” September 14, 2013 to May 18, 2014
    Hausler Contemporary Munich, "James Turrell Projections," November 8, 2013 to February 28, 2014

  • 2012

    Twilight Epiphany, Skyspace, Rice University Houston, USA
    Dissecting Nature, Quint Contemporary Art, La Jolla, CA
    It Happened at Pomona: Art at the Edge of Los Angeles 1969-1973 (Part 3), Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA
    Prints, Devin Borden Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, TX

  • 2011

    See! Color!, der Vidar Foundation, Järna, Sweden (solo exhibition)
    September 11, MoMA PS1, New York, NY, USA
    Highlights of the Peter Blum Edition Archive, Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    Venice in Venice, Nyehaus, New York, NY, USA
    APANI, Arsenale, Venice Biennale, Italy
    Present Tense, Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Santa Monica, CA (solo exhibition)

  • 2010

    James Turrell, Gagosian Gallery, London, England (solo exhibition)
    ColorForms, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC

  • 2009

    Dynamic Light Installation, Dornier Museum Friedrichshafen, Germany
    The Wolfsburg Project, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany
    James Turrell - Geometrie des Lichts, Zentrum für Lichtkunst Unna, Germany
    Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968, Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland

  • 2008

    James Turrell, Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, CO, USA
    Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden

  • 2007

    James Turrell, Pomona College, Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA, USA

  • 2006

    James Turrell - A Life in Light, Louise T Blouin Foundation, London (England)

  • 2005

    James Turrell, Underground Gallery, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, West Yorkshire (England)

  • 2004

    Art 35 Basel, sant H10, June 16-21. (solo exhibition)
    Brainstorming, topographie de la morale, Centre national d’art et du paysage,Vassivière en Limousin, France (20.03 - 27.06.2004). (solo exhibition)
    Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated): Art from 1951 to the Present, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, NYC, USA (05.03 - 16.05). (solo exhibition)
    Pace Wildenstein Gallery, New York, USA (03.12.2003 - 10.01.2004). (solo exhibition)
    Kunsthaus Zug, Zug, Suisse (30.11.2003 - 29.02.2004). (solo exhibition)

  • 2003

    Galerie Cheryl Haines, San Francisco, USA, 4 septembre - 18 octobre. (solo exhibition)
    Paik Hae Young Gallery & Galerie PKM, Seoul, Corée du Sud, du 30/10 au 31/11. (solo exhibition)
    Inauguration du siège de la caisse des dépôts et Consignations dans le cadre de Nuit Blanche, Quai d'Austerlitz, Paris, France (4/5 octobre). (solo exhibition)
    James Turrell : into the light, Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh, USA (2 juin 2002 - 30 avril 2003)
    Sonoma County Museum, Californie, USA. (solo exhibition)
    Nasher Sculpture Park, Dallas, Texas, USA, octobre – novembre
    Mind Space, Galerie HoAm/ Sam Sung Museum, Seoul, South Korea, 28/02-18/05
    Galerie Henry Art, Seattle, Washington, USA

  • 2002

    Moon and Architecture, INAX Gallery 1, Tokyo, Japan, December 7, 2001 to February 23, 2002
    The Magic of Light, Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York, February 1 to May 19, 2002
    Moon and Architecture, INAX Gallery Osaka, Osaka, Japan, , March 7 to May 24
    Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, 9 mars - 13 juillet. (solo exhibition)
    National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C, USA. (solo exhibition)
    Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art, London, England. (solo exhibition)
    The Autonomous Spaces,Galerie Ace, Los Angeles, USA. (solo exhibition)

  • 2001

    Changing Perceptions: The Panza Collection at the Guggenheim Museum, Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, November 16, 2000 to April 22, 2001
    Collaborations with Parkett: 1984 to Now, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, April 3, to June 5, 2001. (Catalogue)
    Infinite Light, Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Scottsdale, Arizona, February 11 to June 3, 2001. (Installations, Models, Drawings, Permanent Installation

  • 2000

    Inventional, Angles Gallery, Santa Monica, California, August 11, 2000 to September 16, 2000
    Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial, Echigo-Tsumari Region, July 20, 2000 to September 10, 2000
    The American Century: Art and Culture 1900-2000, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, September to February 2000
    Lux et Tenebrae, Peter Blum Edition, Blumarts Inc. New York, New York, June 17, 2000 to September 9, 2000. (Prints)
    Arte Californiana della Collezione Panza al Museo Guggenheim, The Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venezia, Italy, September 1 to December, 2000. (Installation)

  • 1999

    Regarding Beauty, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C., October 7 to January 17, 2000. (Installation, Catalogue)
    The American Century: Art and Culture 1900-2000, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, September to February 2000. (Photographs, Catalogue)

  • 1998

    Sunshine & Noir, Art in Los Angeles 1960-1997, Armand Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California, September 16 to January 3, 1999. (Installation, Catalogue)

  • 1997

    Sunshine & Noir, Art in Los Angeles 1960-1997, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany, November 15, 1997 to February 1, 1998 (Installation, Catalogue)
    Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, New York, January 18 to March 2, 1997 (Installation)

  • 1996

    Galerie Michele Chomette, Paris, France, January 18 to March 16, 1996

  • 1995

    After Art: Rethinking 150 Years of Photography, Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington(Catalogue)
    Portside Gallery, Yokohama, Japan, March 17 to May 17, 1995
    Contemplation, 95 Joong-Ang Special Exhibition, Ho-Am Art Galerie, Seoul, Korea, September 25 to October 20, 1995. (Installation)
    Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California, February 10 to April 30, 1995. (Installation)
    Foundation Cartier; a Collection, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan, January 25 to March 12, 1995. (Installation)

  • 1994

    Painting and Sculpture: Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, June 16 to September 11, 1994. (Installation)
    Roden Crater: Realizing a Vision, Lisa Sette Gallery, Phoenix, Arizona, March 10 to April 9, 1994. (Drawings, Prints, Hologram)
    Gemini Editions Limited Collection, Recent Prints and Sculpture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., June to October 2, 1994. (Catalogue)

  • 1993

    Differentes Natures, La Defense, Paris, France, June 25 to November 1, 1993. (Drawings, Photos, Models)

  • 1991

    Universidad Internacional Menedez y Pelayo, Santander, Spain, July 31 to September 8, 1991, catalogue. (Installation)
    Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany, June 7, 1991. (Permanent Installation)

  • 1990

    Le Musee d’Art Contemporain de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 29 to July 22, 1990. (Installation)

  • 1989

    Ace Contemporary Exhibitions, Los Angeles, California, “The Innovators / Entering the Sculpture,” October 14 to November 25, 1989. (Installation)

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